Canada weather, climate and best time to visit

Best time to visit Canada

The best time to visit in Canada is from June until September, when you will have a soft or pleasant temperature and limited till little rainfall. The highest average temperature in in Canada is 19°C in July and the lowest is 5°C in January. The water temperature is between 8°C and 12°C.

Canada has the continental climate prevailing. If you want to know what the average temperature is in in Canada or when most precipitation (rain or snow) falls, you can find a quick overview below. This way, you are well prepared. Our average monthly climate data is based on data from the past 30 years.

Average weather West Canada by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) 5 5 8 10 14 16 19 19 16 12 7 5
Water temp. (°C) 8 8 8 8 9 10 11 12 12 11 10 8
Precipitation (mm) 155 106 148 82 46 35 17 37 69 134 217 181
Climate data from city: Vancouver

Average weather East Canada by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) -7 -5 1 9 18 22 25 24 20 12 5 -3
Precipitation (mm) 53 49 46 53 53 52 54 56 46 63 50 61
Climate data from city: Ottawa

Average weather Northwest Canada by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) -10 -8 -5 1 11 15 17 15 9 1 -8 -11
Precipitation (mm) 18 10 10 11 12 23 23 30 21 18 16 12

Average weather North Canada by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (°C) -20 -21 -16 -9 -2 6 11 10 4 -3 -9 -15
Precipitation (mm) 5 6 8 8 12 17 19 27 21 15 10 9
Climate data from city: Iqaluit

Travel and stay Canada

If you are planning on visiting Canada, check out these well-known travel agencies. They have been rated as the best by travelers and offer great prices for any budget.

Looking to book a flight to Canada? Hop on one of these airlines.

14 day weather forecast Canada

The weather for in Canada will be 11° till 4° degrees in the next 14 days with several days chance of light rain showers or even quite a bit of rain.

The weather forecast for Canada is based on the weather conditions in the city of Ottawa.

Weather forecast this week

Monday 25 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
0.3 mm 20% 5 m/s 2
Tuesday 26 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
11°
3.4 mm 75% 5 m/s 2
Wednesday 27 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
12°
0 mm 0% 2 m/s 1
Thursday 28 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
12°
0 mm 0% 3 m/s 3
Friday 29 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
12°
0 mm 0% 5 m/s 3
Saturday 30 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
3.1 mm 75% 5 m/s 1
Sunday 31 Oct Precip Chance Wind UV
0.3 mm 25% 2 m/s 1

Weather forecast next week

Monday 1 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
11°
0.4 mm 25% 3 m/s 2
Tuesday 2 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
1.4 mm 60% 4 m/s 2
Wednesday 3 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
-1°
0.6 mm 35% 2 m/s 1
Thursday 4 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
8.1 mm 90% 4 m/s 1
Friday 5 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
-1°
0.2 mm 15% 5 m/s 1
Saturday 6 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
-2°
0 mm 0% 6 m/s 1
Sunday 7 Nov Precip Chance Wind UV
-3°
0 mm 0% 2 m/s 1

Climate Canada

Click on a region of Canada to view the climate:

Climate table of West Canada (Vancouver)

West Canada has the continental climate prevailing. The average annual temperature for West Canada is 11° degrees and there is about 1228 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 146 days a year with an average humidity of 80% and an UV-index of 3.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) 5 5 8 10 14 16 19 19 16 12 7 5
Night temp. (°C) 3 2 4 6 9 11 12 13 11 8 5 2
Water temp. (°C) 8 8 8 8 9 10 11 12 12 11 10 8
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 155 106 148 82 46 35 17 37 69 134 217 181
Days with rain 19 16 21 18 15 13 8 9 14 17 21 19
Days with snow 1 4 2 - - - - - - - 1 2
Dry days 11 8 8 12 16 17 23 22 16 14 8 10
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 4 4 6 8 10 10 11 11 9 5 4 4
Wind force (Bft) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2
UV-index 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 4 3 3 2 2
Climate data from city: Vancouver

Climate table of East Canada (Ottawa)

East Canada has the continental climate prevailing. The average annual temperature for East Canada is 10° degrees and there is about 636 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 148 days a year with an average humidity of 83% and an UV-index of 3.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) -7 -5 1 9 18 22 25 24 20 12 5 -3
Night temp. (°C) -15 -13 -7 1 7 11 14 14 10 5 -2 -8
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 53 49 46 53 53 52 54 56 46 63 50 61
Days with rain 6 6 10 14 16 15 16 15 13 15 11 8
Days with snow 19 19 14 5 - - - - - 1 7 17
Dry days 6 3 7 11 15 15 15 16 17 15 12 6
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 3 3 5 7 9 10 11 10 9 5 5 3
Wind force (Bft) 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
UV-index 1 1 1 3 4 5 5 5 3 2 1 1
Climate data from city: Ottawa

Climate table of Northwest Canada (Whitehorse)

Northwest Canada has the continental climate prevailing. The average annual temperature for Northwest Canada is 2° degrees and there is about 204 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 154 days a year with an average humidity of 80% and an UV-index of 2.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) -10 -8 -5 1 11 15 17 15 9 1 -8 -11
Night temp. (°C) -16 -17 -15 -7 1 5 7 6 2 -3 -13 -16
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 18 10 10 11 12 23 23 30 21 18 16 12
Days with rain 6 6 10 10 11 14 14 15 14 11 7 6
Days with snow 19 15 18 13 2 - - - 2 12 20 17
Dry days 6 7 3 7 18 16 17 16 14 8 3 8
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 3 5 5 8 13 13 13 11 8 6 3 3
Wind force (Bft) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
UV-index 1 1 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 2 1 2
Climate data from city: Whitehorse

Climate table of North Canada (Iqaluit)

North Canada has the continental climate prevailing. The average annual temperature for North Canada is -5° degrees and there is about 156 mm of rain in a year. It is dry for 229 days a year with an average humidity of 83% and an UV-index of 2.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°C) -20 -21 -16 -9 -2 6 11 10 4 -3 -9 -15
Night temp. (°C) -25 -27 -24 -18 -9 1 6 6 1 -6 -13 -19
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 5 6 8 8 12 17 19 27 21 15 10 9
Days with rain 1 1 3 3 5 9 12 11 10 3 2 2
Days with snow 9 9 9 10 11 3 - - 4 10 10 11
Dry days 21 18 19 17 15 18 19 20 16 18 18 18
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 2 3 5 7 8 11 12 9 6 4 3 1
Wind force (Bft) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
UV-index 1 1 2 2 1 3 3 2 2 2 2 1
Climate data from city: Iqaluit

Canada weather by month

What is the average weather like in a given month for Canada? Let's find out! Click on a month to check all the monthly averages for sunshine, temperature highs and lows, percentage chance of rain per day, snowfall accumulation and number of rainy days.

Weather experiences Canada

Already been to Canada?

Share your experience of the Canada weather and get a chance to win $150!

Your email will not be included in the review and will not be passed on to third parties.

By submitting the data you agree to our privacy policy

Frequently asked questions

Where is Canada?

Canada lies in a straight line about 15,194 km from New Zealand (Cape Town → Ottawa).

How long is the flight to Canada?

The flight time from Cape Town International Airport to Canada is approximately 19 h. 10 min.

What are the largest airports in Canada?

These are the largest airports in Canada:

  • Billy Bishop Toronto City Centre Airport – Toronto
  • Lester B. Pearson International Airport – Toronto
  • Montreal / Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport – Montréal
  • Montréal / Saint-Hubert Airport – Montréal
  • Vancouver International Airport – Vancouver
  • Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport – Ottawa
  • Calgary International Airport – Calgary
  • Edmonton International Airport – Edmonton
  • John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport – Hamilton
  • Winnipeg / James Armstrong Richardson International Airport – Winnipeg

How many inhabitants are there in Canada?

Canada has approximately 37,149,200 inhabitants.

How big is Canada?

The area of Canada is around 9,984,670 km². It is 8x bigger than New Zealand.

What is the capital of Canada?

The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

What is the currency of Canada?

In Canada the Canadian dollar (CAD) is used to pay.

Exchange rates on 25 October 2021

  • 1 Canadian dollar = 0.085 South African rand
  • 1 South African rand = 11.80 Canadian dollar
  • 10 Canadian dollar = 0.848 South African rand
  • 10 South African rand = 117.97 Canadian dollar
  • 100 Canadian dollar = 8.48 South African rand
  • 100 South African rand = 1,179.65 Canadian dollar

What is the area code of Canada?

The area code to call Canada is +1.